Install

https://www.terraform.io/downloads.html

brew install hashicorp/tap/terraform
curl -fsSL https://apt.releases.hashicorp.com/gpg | sudo apt-key add -
sudo apt-add-repository "deb [arch=amd64] https://apt.releases.hashicorp.com $(lsb_release -cs) main"
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install terraform

Verify the installation

yuyang@YYStation ~ % terraform
Usage: terraform [-version] [-help] <command> [args]

The available commands for execution are listed below.
The most common, useful commands are shown first, followed by
less common or more advanced commands. If you're just getting
started with Terraform, stick with the common commands. For the
other commands, please read the help and docs before usage.

Common commands:
    apply              Builds or changes infrastructure
    console            Interactive console for Terraform interpolations
    destroy            Destroy Terraform-managed infrastructure
    env                Workspace management
    fmt                Rewrites config files to canonical format
    get                Download and install modules for the configuration
    graph              Create a visual graph of Terraform resources
    import             Import existing infrastructure into Terraform
    init               Initialize a Terraform working directory
    login              Obtain and save credentials for a remote host
    logout             Remove locally-stored credentials for a remote host
    output             Read an output from a state file
    plan               Generate and show an execution plan
    providers          Prints a tree of the providers used in the configuration
    refresh            Update local state file against real resources
    show               Inspect Terraform state or plan
    taint              Manually mark a resource for recreation
    untaint            Manually unmark a resource as tainted
    validate           Validates the Terraform files
    version            Prints the Terraform version
    workspace          Workspace management

All other commands:
    0.12upgrade        Rewrites pre-0.12 module source code for v0.12
    0.13upgrade        Rewrites pre-0.13 module source code for v0.13
    debug              Debug output management (experimental)
    force-unlock       Manually unlock the terraform state
    push               Obsolete command for Terraform Enterprise legacy (v1)
    state              Advanced state management
yuyang@YYStation ~ % terraform version
Terraform v0.13.2

Quick start tutorial

need docker service on your machine

terraform {
  required_providers {
    docker = {
      source = "terraform-providers/docker"
    }
  }
}

provider "docker" {}

resource "docker_image" "nginx" {
  name         = "nginx:latest"
  keep_locally = false
}

resource "docker_container" "nginx" {
  image = docker_image.nginx.latest
  name  = "tutorial"
  ports {
    internal = 80
    external = 8000
  }
}
yuyang@YYStation mkdir terraform-docker-demo
yuyang@YYStation cd terraform-docker-demo
yuyang@YYStation ls
main.tf
yuyang@YYStation terraform-docker-demo % terraform init

Initializing the backend...

Initializing provider plugins...
- Finding latest version of terraform-providers/docker...
- Installing terraform-providers/docker v2.7.2...
- Installed terraform-providers/docker v2.7.2 (signed by HashiCorp)

The following providers do not have any version constraints in configuration,
so the latest version was installed.

To prevent automatic upgrades to new major versions that may contain breaking
changes, we recommend adding version constraints in a required_providers block
in your configuration, with the constraint strings suggested below.

* terraform-providers/docker: version = "~> 2.7.2"

Terraform has been successfully initialized!

You may now begin working with Terraform. Try running "terraform plan" to see
any changes that are required for your infrastructure. All Terraform commands
should now work.

If you ever set or change modules or backend configuration for Terraform,
rerun this command to reinitialize your working directory. If you forget, other
commands will detect it and remind you to do so if necessary.
yuyang@YYStation terraform-docker-demo % terraform apply

An execution plan has been generated and is shown below.
Resource actions are indicated with the following symbols:
  + create

Terraform will perform the following actions:

  # docker_container.nginx will be created
  + resource "docker_container" "nginx" {
      + attach           = false
      + bridge           = (known after apply)
      + command          = (known after apply)
      + container_logs   = (known after apply)
      + dns              = (known after apply)
      + dns_opts         = (known after apply)
      + entrypoint       = (known after apply)
      + exit_code        = (known after apply)
      + gateway          = (known after apply)
      + hostname         = (known after apply)
      + id               = (known after apply)
      + image            = (known after apply)
      + ip_address       = (known after apply)
      + ip_prefix_length = (known after apply)
      + ipc_mode         = (known after apply)
      + log_driver       = (known after apply)
      + log_opts         = (known after apply)
      + logs             = false
      + must_run         = true
      + name             = "tutorial"
      + network_data     = (known after apply)
      + read_only        = false
      + restart          = "no"
      + rm               = false
      + shm_size         = (known after apply)
      + start            = true
      + user             = (known after apply)
      + working_dir      = (known after apply)

      + ports {
          + external = 8000
          + internal = 80
          + ip       = "0.0.0.0"
          + protocol = "tcp"
        }
    }

  # docker_image.nginx will be created
  + resource "docker_image" "nginx" {
      + id           = (known after apply)
      + keep_locally = false
      + latest       = (known after apply)
      + name         = "nginx:latest"
    }

Plan: 2 to add, 0 to change, 0 to destroy.

Do you want to perform these actions?
  Terraform will perform the actions described above.
  Only 'yes' will be accepted to approve.

  Enter a value: yes

docker_image.nginx: Creating...
docker_image.nginx: Still creating... [10s elapsed]
docker_image.nginx: Creation complete after 20s [id=sha256:7e4d58f0e5f3b60077e9a5d96b4be1b974b5a484f54f9393000a99f3b6816e3dnginx:latest]
docker_container.nginx: Creating...
docker_container.nginx: Creation complete after 2s [id=3225d6f72fc01577bd30e21d537ee78e3937898c7fd41914341e6d1a3678bc1c]

Apply complete! Resources: 2 added, 0 changed, 0 destroyed.
yuyang@YYStation terraform-docker-demo %
yuyang@YYStation terraform-docker-demo % terraform destroy
docker_image.nginx: Refreshing state... [id=sha256:7e4d58f0e5f3b60077e9a5d96b4be1b974b5a484f54f9393000a99f3b6816e3dnginx:latest]
docker_container.nginx: Refreshing state... [id=3225d6f72fc01577bd30e21d537ee78e3937898c7fd41914341e6d1a3678bc1c]

An execution plan has been generated and is shown below.
Resource actions are indicated with the following symbols:
  - destroy

Terraform will perform the following actions:

  # docker_container.nginx will be destroyed
  - resource "docker_container" "nginx" {
      - attach            = false -> null
      - command           = [
          - "nginx",
          - "-g",
          - "daemon off;",
        ] -> null
      - cpu_shares        = 0 -> null
      - dns               = [] -> null
      - dns_opts          = [] -> null
      - dns_search        = [] -> null
      - entrypoint        = [
          - "/docker-entrypoint.sh",
        ] -> null
      - gateway           = "172.17.0.1" -> null
      - group_add         = [] -> null
      - hostname          = "3225d6f72fc0" -> null
      - id                = "3225d6f72fc01577bd30e21d537ee78e3937898c7fd41914341e6d1a3678bc1c" -> null
      - image             = "sha256:7e4d58f0e5f3b60077e9a5d96b4be1b974b5a484f54f9393000a99f3b6816e3d" -> null
      - ip_address        = "172.17.0.2" -> null
      - ip_prefix_length  = 16 -> null
      - ipc_mode          = "private" -> null
      - links             = [] -> null
      - log_driver        = "json-file" -> null
      - log_opts          = {} -> null
      - logs              = false -> null
      - max_retry_count   = 0 -> null
      - memory            = 0 -> null
      - memory_swap       = 0 -> null
      - must_run          = true -> null
      - name              = "tutorial" -> null
      - network_data      = [
          - {
              - gateway          = "172.17.0.1"
              - ip_address       = "172.17.0.2"
              - ip_prefix_length = 16
              - network_name     = "bridge"
            },
        ] -> null
      - network_mode      = "default" -> null
      - privileged        = false -> null
      - publish_all_ports = false -> null
      - read_only         = false -> null
      - restart           = "no" -> null
      - rm                = false -> null
      - shm_size          = 64 -> null
      - start             = true -> null
      - sysctls           = {} -> null
      - tmpfs             = {} -> null

      - ports {
          - external = 8000 -> null
          - internal = 80 -> null
          - ip       = "0.0.0.0" -> null
          - protocol = "tcp" -> null
        }
    }

  # docker_image.nginx will be destroyed
  - resource "docker_image" "nginx" {
      - id           = "sha256:7e4d58f0e5f3b60077e9a5d96b4be1b974b5a484f54f9393000a99f3b6816e3dnginx:latest" -> null
      - keep_locally = false -> null
      - latest       = "sha256:7e4d58f0e5f3b60077e9a5d96b4be1b974b5a484f54f9393000a99f3b6816e3d" -> null
      - name         = "nginx:latest" -> null
    }

Plan: 0 to add, 0 to change, 2 to destroy.

Do you really want to destroy all resources?
  Terraform will destroy all your managed infrastructure, as shown above.
  There is no undo. Only 'yes' will be accepted to confirm.

  Enter a value: yes

docker_container.nginx: Destroying... [id=3225d6f72fc01577bd30e21d537ee78e3937898c7fd41914341e6d1a3678bc1c]
docker_container.nginx: Destruction complete after 0s
docker_image.nginx: Destroying... [id=sha256:7e4d58f0e5f3b60077e9a5d96b4be1b974b5a484f54f9393000a99f3b6816e3dnginx:latest]
docker_image.nginx: Destruction complete after 1s

Destroy complete! Resources: 2 destroyed.